Designing Landscapes For A Model Railroad

Obtaining all your supplies is just the start when it comes to model railroading. The next step is to do the landscaping with the help of foam spacers. They can be shaped to the design you’d like and then sealed with a fiberglass or hardener to protect them. A wire frame can be used to reinforce a larger landscape and some modelers will even bring in sand, dirt or stone for a more realistic look.

It is worth noting that the addition of real-life materials can actually diminish the authentic look that you may be trying to achieve because of the extra texture that is added. Most of the dirt isn’t fine enough to give the look of “earth” in a miniature unless it is coated with a finer powder or dust. You will need to keep the scale in perspective and work up to the tallest items such as mountains. This will help to form the valleys and lakes or stream areas to make them seem more natural.

After doing the base, you can start to have a little fun. By painting all the surfaces, you will cover any extra glue and then you can begin to start to place items like stones and coverings. You can stipple on some grass with a fine brush to make it seem a little more realistic being careful to plan as you go.

For example, if you are adding a water feature, have a ragged edge infringing on the side of it instead of taking grass right up the edge of the water. In real life banks are washed away and tree roots are exposed from nature. By mimicking this, your project will look more realistic and please your viewers.

The easiest way to add the track is to just glue it down. The most realistic way is to make a bed of crushed rock and add wooden beams but this is very time consuming and not very common. You can even find software that will help you with your design and layout. Be careful to keep in mind that there will be maintenance and you will need to be able to access your tracks for cleaning and repairing at later times.

The last step is to create the “vignettes” or small scenes. This is when the imagination of the model railroaders really can really make the layout come to life by creating the tiny scenes.

Having the right theme for your city or train station is as crucial as keeping the right scale. You have the option of erecting the houses and buildings yourself or buying them already done and just placing them correctly. The human eye is capable of detecting even minute differences so staying true to scale is important in keeping the layout realistic.

Landscaping involves so much more but you’re probably anxious to put on your engineer cap and start planning your project. Start by turning on the light and enjoying yourself!

Posted in My Blog


Model Railroad Wiring Basics For DC Control Wiring

Model railroad wiring for DC control systems can be confusing for the model train beginner. This is because, unlike DCC, you have to create electrical sections of track to run 1 locomotive at a time.

The majority of model train layout problems come from a lack of sufficient electrical power on certain parts of the track. This is usually caused by a power pack that is too small for the model railroad track you have built.

Most starter train sets are manufactured to achieve an entry level price. The power packs in these starter train sets have just enough power to drive the train around the track supplied. As soon as you expand the track, that power pack has to drive the power a longer way and this is where the problems start.

If the power pack is not strong enough, you may have a very low voltage at the furthest point away from the power pack. This results in your engine running slow or stalling at that point. You also run the risk of burning out your power pack, or it overheating, by doing this. This can be dangerous and should be avoided.

Another common model railroad wiring problem is using electrical cables that are too small. By using wiring that is too small, it restricts the electricity flow getting to the end of the wiring. This results in a voltage drop at the end of the cable. It is important to check what current you will be drawing at full load and use the electrical wiring that is designed to carry that full current with some extra capacity.

I have many other model railroad wiring tips which I’ll share in other articles.

Posted in My Blog


Building Model Railroad Benchwork

Benchwork is what we call the support structure of your model train scenery and layout. It may not be as exciting as running your trains or detailing a locomotive, but, taking some time designing and building a solid foundation for your layout will pay off in leaving you plenty of time to enjoy your hobby. And some time soon, your wife is going to want to eat in the dining room!

Your benchwork is going to be determined by a number of things to consider, including: how much space you have, your layout goals, fixed or movable, and will you want to take all or part of your layout to shows, conventions, your friends house?

There are two options to benchwork – you can purchase a kit, which is easily assembled and taken apart, or you can build your own. If you build your own, you can make it permanent, or modular.

While kits are fairly straightforward to assemble (you read the instructions, right?), building benchwork from scratch require minimal skills working with wood and tools.

A note here before we continue on about a few less common alternatives – shelving and shoe boxes. The British are masters at shelving layouts, using one or two walls for a ‘point to point’ layout (no loop). These are usually created with smaller sections, two to four feet in length. And shoe boxes – if you are working in the smaller scales, say ‘N’ scale or smaller, there are a growing number of model railroaders building shoebox scenes, leaving attachment points so they can be mated with other scenes, creating a larger layout.

Benchwork Particulars

If you are building your own benchwork, it’s a good idea to start with smaller modules. That way you can expand your layout over time (sometimes a lifetime!) Build a framework up to 2×6 feet out of 1×4 lumber. Add 1x4s inside the frame to create a grid with spacing about 2×2 feet. This provides a solid and level platform to work on. From here, you can either attach ½” plywood directly, or as some do, attach 2″ thick extruded foam insulation (available at home centers). This material is light, strong, and easy to work with.

Construct your benchwork using screws, so that you can dis-assemble it if need be.Using foam insulation, you can vary the elevation of your landscape, carving into it to create depressions for water or valleys, and gluing on to it to add hills and mountains. Make sure you use the correct adhesive for the material you have.

Benchwork is the foundation upon which you are going to build your model railroad layout. Make sure it’s sturdy, and fits your needs both now and for the future. And have fun!

Posted in My Blog


Model Railroading – Topics

railroad model Themes

themes railway link model trains, buildings and landscapes together, telling the story of the train display and explain its premise. The topics can range from the history of winter holidays, with everything else in between. A theme is really a matter of individual preference and can be as simple or as complex as you want it to be, depending on the number of resources you may have available to develop it.

The creation of a theme is essential before building a model railway display, as all trains and accessories depend. Whatever model railroad theme you decide, choose one that best interests you because you’ll have more fun researching the era and the construction of the accompanying display a topic that interests you not. Some general considerations for themes include the purpose, location, season and time.


The purpose of a train display helps develop the model railroad theme. The goal may be what you want – move passengers from a busy city to another, carrying livestock through the countryside or simply showcase a variety of different trains in a relatively free environment landscapes. Basically, the purpose answers this question: What do you want to convey in your train display


In addition to the objective of display, the location serves as one of the main elements of a model railroad theme. With no location, it really can be no theme. The location can be anywhere you want, if you choose the North Pole, the American Midwest, a desert, a jungle or busy metropolis. Consider a location that interests you so that your search is the most satisfactory.


Once you have determined the purpose and location, the next consideration is the season or time of year. If you have chosen the State of New York in winter, then you probably want to add synthetic snow, ponds and frozen lakes and maybe a few houses decorated with pine trees. For a summer theme in the southern United States, you can choose to include mountains full of lush green trees, sidewalks lined with flowers and people swim and picnic on a beach.


The time period also allows for a model railroad theme. Generally, fans choose a time period between the 1800s and today; however, there are no set rules as to what time a railroad model display to represent. The time, however, determines what types of trains and accessorizing buildings and landscapes to use. For example, the theme of the city in the 1990s may include an Amtrak train traveling past shopping malls, arenas and densely populated residential areas. On the other hand, a late 1800s theme would move a steam engine with a broad campaign and sparsely populated border towns.

Examples of themes

Some possible topics rail can be:

  • West Virginia in autumn 1950
  • modern day New York at Christmas
  • US Midwest in the summer of the late 1800s

Posted in My Blog


Wiring Model Railroad – a basic understanding will take you a long way

Being able to set up the model railroad is an element wiring extremely important to be a model train enthusiast and railway.

It is also an exciting element of this hobby that you are able to control the stops and tracks of all railways. The trains are intended to stop at every station and decelerate gradually on corners and tight junctions. To make this possible, you should have at least a basic knowledge of railway wiring model.

cable railway Model railroading is the aspect of that is to make electricity flow so that the engine is able to take its cars and buildings and street lamps illuminate. In fact, the wiring has become so advanced that you can attach a small camera on top of your train moves across the screen.

Be creative and you can include almost anything on your screen to make it more fun and appealing.

railway wiring pattern of the foundations

As you already know, model railroading exposes you to many areas and one of them is the electrical wiring and circuits. Of course, if you are a beginner and do not have knowledge of this area, then it is best that you consult a friend or amateur model train companion to get you started. You can even buy a pre-wired plinth circuit if you like.


controllers or processors execute the voltage which establishes the speed at which the motor of the train operate. The controllers also give food different accessories so that they can be activated or deactivated. The controller (DC) and DC terminals (AC) AC terminals. Terminals DC control the process so that the motor can move in the opposite direction. The AC terminals will control accessories such as lamps. Wiring can run from under the board for each accessory. It’s easy to connect son as both the AC and DC terminals are usually marked on the controller.


The tension is also an important part of your wiring. Lights and other accessories included in the display must be evaluated at the same voltage or just above the output terminals of the AC. For example, if you use a bulb of six volts on a 12 volt device, the bulb will blow. Furthermore, having too many accessories on the same power supply can reduce the performance of your engine. So look for things like the train moving slowly. This indicates that you may have to add more power supplies to power all these accessories on your model train layout.

Digital Command Control (DCC)

DCC is a major breakthrough in technology that allows an operator to give a digital signal path. The signal indicates the engine what to do and if you use two locomotives on the same track power, it can be done independently.

To avoid accidents

working with the wiring may present the worst case, then here are some tips to help prevent the occurrence of accidents. Every son should be properly wired and tightened. Your tracks must be connected to terminal DC not the AC terminal as this could damage the engine of your train. Debris and dust to accumulate after a while to clean the track with a soft, clean cloth with a track cleaner. You want to avoid dust getting inside the engine and cause a short.

The day starter reduced by modern trains models, it is very easy for someone without experience of railway wiring pattern that everything is color coded. This is where you should probably consider starting.

Posted in My Blog


O Model Railroad

In the US, a number of trains have left their mark in American history. Often, as a traditional practice bringing a period of history in the house played a very important role in the formation of an amateur or railroader future. This comes just as a Christmas gift or a gift to a young boy and a hopeful parent, a kit for beginners O railroad model.

The O Railroad gauge model is built to a 1:48 or ¼ “of a foot, at a distance of 1 ¼ inches and just requires a large space in your living room or just around the Christmas tree. Many of these toy trains are made of tin plates in particular during the 1920s and 30 carrying lettering lithographed and details. Sometimes in the latter part of the 1930s, the major manufacturers have begun has published a more detailed product rolling stock and locomotives die cast, but the term “tinplate” remained to designate the O gauge model railroad rails three and two American Flyer S-gauge trains -Rail and accessories .

Lionel, the best-known producers of O and O-27 tinplate lost its commercial reputation in 1959 when Lionel J. Cowen sold his shares. the company has been a difficult time and difficulties due to changes subsequent to the property providing quality and product sales to drain jeopardize its reputation.

Today, Lionel is back on its tracks, creating a commercial return and impact of advanced technology, offering a range of new ideas and products added to old favorites of time. This has made the Christmas holidays for children worth looking forward with a clear picture of what Santa has for them. Similarly, resulting in competitors such as Lionel K-Line, MTH, Weaver and Williams. Daring as it sounds, they posed as a healthy challenge for Lionel improve product quality, increased its value and provide a collection of larger shares in the market.

Atlas O, O Manufacturer railroad model suit and focused in the development of a new line of two locomotives and three across the track and cars, as well as railway track structures and new innovative systems to three rails. Millions of children and future amateur and railway aspiring eagerly awaiting their expected gifts under the Christmas tree or their beds, model railroad O, all time favorite of children and then ‘today.

Posted in My Blog


Plans The Essential Model Railroad track

Although there are many different levels of model railroad track, you can choose, there are some that most designers will review basic models. These track plans are something that most every modeler built at one time, or had built in many different ways. Some prefer to keep some sort of layout rather than going back and forth between different types. This is a decision you have to make for yourself to decide which is best for you.

The railway terminus is one of the basic model railway plans, you will see repeated several times. This will include such design features as a scale on which several trains are parked as they are held on the track. This is a fairly easy concept to realize that buildings used are usually not in very good condition and there is usually no water involved. The only thing you need is to be able to have several tracks with an exchange to manage the trains running from one track to another, then back to the main track. Since the terminal is the end of a runway, you should create somewhere for it to go across the station.

A cityscape is another common model railroad track plan is pursued by many designers. A very common way is to choose an urban landscape in which it is very common for trains traveling through. New York City is a very common urban landscape to create as many European cities. These may require a little more planning, as you will need to purchase buildings that represent those found in the current urban landscape. More figures must be purchased to create a layout that will not look like a ghost town. You’ll also need to buy cars that are the right scale and the appearance of being representative of the time.

The desert landscape is a way more simple model railroad plans to build. You can design a track that passes a layout, including sand dunes and sand topped buildings. You can also make your train appears as if it has been through many times in the desert by giving it the same look that withstood the remaining buildings in the layout. The use of famous names of trains passing through the desert will give a lot of authenticity to your track plan.

A plans more fun model railroad track is to create the mountain landscape. Using different methods of staging, you can create a track that will ever top the loop side of a mountain and through the mountain itself. You can include things such as snow on the mountain side and the qualities that are realistic to how a train will gradually move a mountain. With rare trees, you will not need to plant a lot of trees in the landscape up the mountainside.

Posted in My Blog


How mountains and hills For Your Model Railroad


Once you have a planning process in place on a flat table, you can make it more interesting by adding some mountains and hills. There are two ways to do this, and they are both easy.

Papier-mache Method

If your layout is temporary, or you do not want to spend much money with marketing, you can use the paper mache method . Basically, you just have to ruffle some newspapers in the general shape of the hill or mountain, then cover them with soaked sheets of newspaper in the paper mache paste.

The traditional method of paper mache pulp is to add one part water to one part flour. Some people prefer to boil the paste, saying that it makes smooth. Water in the ratio of the flour is changed in five parts water to one part flour in this case. Still others use three to one or to a ratio of water and polyvinyl acetate glue wood. Still others say that starch makes a fine paste. Adding a pinch of cinnamon to the mix gives the dough a pleasant odor; adding a pinch of salt and sugar reduces the chances of mold product development.

Just dip sheets of newspaper (bend a few times to make them thicker) in the dough and drape over the crumpled newspapers. The leaves are soft and flexible, so that the mold in the hills and valleys as you like. Let dry overnight paper mache. You will find it hard and rigid, like a piñata.

painting with water-based paint in shades of green (for grass) and brown (for dirt) and gray (for rock). You can also use spray paint, but make sure it is matte, not shiny paint. While the paint is still wet, sprinkle some grass (available at hobby shops) or green sawdust. When the paint is dry, add some lichen for bushes and trees (also available at any hobby shop).

Projection windows and wooden supports

If your train layout is permanent, a more sustainable method of making mountains and hills is to use screening and wooden supports. This also has the advantage that you can run from the slopes on the mountain itself, provided you make the appropriate media. Basically, you cut wooden support blocks to the appropriate size, then drape the screening of the window (called “mosquito” in Australia) on the blocks, staple the screen to the blocks. You must attach the blocks to the table with screws or nails first, so they do not move.

If you want, you can build a second bed around or through the track mountain, high above the table. Just use the pad support and plywood to a rigid base for the track.

Once the screening is in place, pinch in places to steep edges, ditches and valleys. Then mix some common household plaster (available at any hardware store to repair holes in a plaster wall) and slobber over the screen. There is no need to pay attention, just make sure the entire screen is covered. A thick plaster mix works much better than a thin mix, as it allows the screen to show through.

When you get to the rugged vertical bits, use horizontal strokes of a knife to simulate rock cuts. Let the plaster dry overnight and then paint as described above.

Finally, finish with lichen bushes and trees, as appropriate.

Remember access

When deciding the size to make your mountain, and where to place it, also think derailments. Murphy’s Law guarantees that, at some point, your train is derailed in the tunnel through your mountain. Make sure the tunnel entrance is large enough for you to reach and get your train on

Or consider these alternatives. If you made a paper mache mountain, and not glued to the table, you can simply lift it off the table.

If you have a block of wood and toasting standing mountain, then consider cutting access holes in the table, below the mountain, so you can reach out and right the train or remove it. Do not make the holes too close to the track, because if the train derailed at this place you do not want to fall into the hole on the floor.


Posted in My Blog


Quick Guide to the Model Railroad Layout Kits

Most people have older train models in the attic whether they actually belonged to them there few years or if they belonged to relatives that were alive before the 1950s dip in popularity. However, model railroads are well and truly back and more popular than ever. Adults and children love to build their own model railroads like garage and there are millions of people around the world who participate in this trend every day. If you are a beginner, it can be difficult to know where to start when it comes to building your own model railway and so layout model railway kits can help you get started.

You can build a model railroad to be as realistic real landscape you want. Most model railroad layout kits will actually include a locomotive and tracks for her as well as items that can be used for scenery, which may include vegetation or realistic replicas of real buildings. They usually have themes attached to them, but you can find different rail kits layout model for you. They may be on a small scale with very little in the way of content or may contain an entire starter kit that you can work and update whenever you want. The only drawback of these larger layout model railway kits is that they tend to be very expensive so you may want to start small.

You can get hold of model railroad layout kits form specialist shops and larger toy stores. The latter is obviously designed for children, but is perfect for those inexperienced in the art and provides a basis for work outside of

The track is one of the most important things in the way of iron model layout [http :. //] starter kit. Without the track, landscapes, structures and the locomotive would be absolutely useless. In the model railway layout kits tracks often come in pieces so you have to put them together yourself and, according to the manufacturer, this can be very difficult to do. However, if you take the time and effort to collect a little patience, you will learn more to do it yourself as if it were already set up for you.

There are three types of track in the layout of railway models that are available:

1. continuous loop – This track goes in a continuous circle and is the most basic of tracks.

2. Out and back – this track is formed in a type of pear-shaped and usually has a station to reverse if necessary.

3. Point to Point – This is a straight track with a train from one end to the other and vice versa

layout model railway kits can really help you get your operational model .. This may sound good, but the value is much more than aesthetics. He will have learned how to get your own railroad and running and you can not put a price on that!

Posted in My Blog


Model Railroad Buildings – Suggestions for structures

Use of buildings, people, and other details to make your living model railway. Even if it means a little work, it may be one of the most enjoyable parts of the construction of a model railway.

Making buildings to use on your model railroad can be done by purchasing a plastic form already, get a plastic model kit, or get an artisan kit that allows you to a more detailed design. You can also find parts such as doors and windows and building surfaces that look like bricks, stones, and just about anything you can imagine like junk.

cheaper building kits come with details already designed on them. more expensive kits, however, allow you to put the pieces of the building as well as yourself. made kits come pre-painted, but can be painted again if you wish, while the kits you CRAFT must be painted by you.

Whether you decide to use a simple plastic model or a complex craft design, you need to paint all parts before you start putting them together. If you’re not sure exactly what the structure will look like or if certain parts are, you can put the pieces together without sticking to help you imagine the final product better. Be careful not to get paint in glue joints will be.

If your goal is to make buildings seem real, you will need to make at least slightly distorted by the elements. Consider how different materials are affected by the aging process and use these ideas in their paint.

Not only your buildings and also your cars themselves need to look weathered. If possible, try to use the same paintings on your locomotive, train, cars and buildings.

If you can not use the same paint for any reason, at least try to use paints that fit well. Paint with a matte finish works best to give objects an aged appearance. You can also use matte finish paint to show rust and wind-laundering.

Like all buildings are altered at the same pace or in the same way, use different techniques on each car building and train all aged appearance in a unique way.

You can get lots of good ideas by visiting a court process or look at pictures of one. Note the rust spots and how the various buildings, train cars, and even the tracks themselves were affected by the elements. Also, be aware of where soot and dust collects in larger quantities.

Looking good, you’ll be able to make a real conception of the way of life.

Posted in My Blog