How To Deal With Jet Lag And Life After Vacations

While there is no straightforward and easy way to beat jet lag, there are several ways that you can take to ease the pain of crossing multiple time zones quickly.

Travel wasn’t that difficult on our internal clocks, but each technological advancement in the world of transportation has also brought changes to our time management. When long-distance railroads were introduced matching timetables with local times became a challenge. Son in 1883, we created a standardised time zones.

The start of the jet age in 1958 gave birth to a new problem. We suddenly could travel several zones faster than our bodies could adjust. Eight years later the term “jet lag” was created. The term caught on, and of course, we know jet lag is particularly bad when flying east. Jet lag can be pretty annoying but here are few things, however, that do help. Below are some of my best tips that work efficiently.


Pressurised and dry aeroplane cabins can quickly dehydrate you, making you feel extremely sleepy. Drinking water throughout the trip helps in easing the process. It doesn’t stop jet lag, but it helps make sure dehydration doesn’t compound your fatigue.

Shift Your Time For Long Trips

A few days before I leave, I started to change my sleep schedule one hour each day. Try also to move your mealtimes. That might mean a super-early trip to the gym in the morning and go to bed before my favourite TV shows are over. But this works when I arrive and also it makes easier to sleep on those long-haul flights.


If you can sleep on the plane even for a few hours, it makes a big difference. An eye mask and earplugs will help. When taking a red-eye to a far destination, having breakfast right after waking up on the plane or once you get to the airport, even if you are not hungry, it will help adjust your body to the idea that it’s morning, even if your friends and family back home are sound sleep.

Avoid Alcohol

Again, the issue is about dehydration on long overseas flights. I can’t blame you if you have a glass of red wine for sleeping peacefully but don’t have it too much, or you will have an appalling headache, and you won’t be able to adjust to the new time zone.


It helps your body feel more normal and is not confined to the plane seats only. This doesn’t exactly combat jet lag, but it does reduce some of the scars of travel.

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How to Import Embroidery Designs Into the Brother SE400

The Brother SE400 Embroidery and Sewing Machine has a USB cable port. This means you can connect the SE400 directly to your computer. You can then download embroidery designs saved on your computer into the SE400. This article explains step-by-step how to do this.

Choose .PES or .DST Embroidery Design File Format

You can buy additional embroidery designs for the Brother SE400 on CD or download them from the Internet. In addition, many online sites, including, have designs you can download for free.

The Brother SE400 can only handle embroidery data files in .PES and .DST format. Be sure to get the right file format.

Check that hoop size is 4×4 inches.

Copy Or Download The Embroidery Data Files To Your Computer

I usually store all of my designs in a folder called “Embroidery Designs” on my Desktop. Then I organize them in sub-folders by type. For example, “Flowers” or “Sports.” Make sure that the file names don’t contain special characters. It’s safest to only use letters, numbers, hyphen (-), and underscore (_).

Connect Your Computer To The Brother SE400

Plug the included USB cable into the USB port on the right side of the SE400. Connect the other end of the cable to the USB port on your computer. Make sure both the computer and embroidery machine are turned on.

You should see the “Removable Disk” icon in “My Computer” on your computer.

Copy The Embroidery Design Data Files To “Removable Disk”

Copy the embroidery data files you want to use to “Removable Disk.” Do not put folders in “Removable Disk.” The SE400 cannot recognize folders or find embroidery patterns in folders.

Do not copy more than 12 patterns to “Removable Disk.”

Save the patterns to the machine’s memory. Otherwise the patterns in “Removable Disk” will be lost when you turn off the SE400, and you will have to copy them over from the computer again.

Select The Pattern You Want To Stitch

Press the USB icon on the LCD screen. The downloaded patterns are displayed. If you have a .PES file, you will see an image of the design. Move to the pattern you want using the Previous and Next page keys. Press the Retrieve key.

The Tajima ( .DST) Embroidery Data Files are limited. Only the first eight characters of the file name will be displayed in the pattern list, not the image of the design. Also the .DST format does not contain specific thread colors and will be displayed with Brother’ default color sequence. Check the preview and change the thread colors to what you like.

Embroider Your New Pattern

Edit the design and begin stitching.

For Macintosh Users

Even though Brother says the SE400 is only compatible with Windows, it works just fine with the Macintosh. Connect it to your Mac’s USB port. The SE400 will show up as an external hard drive, named “No Name.” Just drag and drop the embroidery files to this drive. The rest of the instructions should be the same as the PC.

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How to Light Up Stained Glass

Stained glass is so beautiful when displayed in a window where the sunlight shines through the glass. The effect of the sunlight reflecting light through the various glass textures and colors adds a dramatic elegance to the room.

To install art glass into a window opening you have two options. Purchase or make a glass piece that is the exact size of the window opening. Place the art glass piece over the existing window and secure with molding or brackets. Be sure to thoroughly clean the window prior to installation. To display smaller art glass pieces, hang it above the window using decorative chain or fishing line.

If you do not have a window where you would like to display your art glass piece, you can create a faux window. With a press of a button, your art glass will light up.

To turn your art glass into a faux window, you will need to make a shadow box. To make a shadow box you will need wood for the outer frame, sides and back of shadow box. You will also need rope lights or strip lights that will fit into the interior measurements of your shadow box.

First measure the length and width of the stained glass piece. Take these measurements from the outer perimeters of the glass. If you wish to have a mitered frame, add the width of the framing stock to your measurements.

Example: Measurements of perimeter of stained glass piece is 21″ x 24″.

Width of wood for frame is 2″.

Using a miter saw or miter box, cut 45 degree angles on each end.

You will need 2 pieces that are 25″ and 2 pieces that are 28″ from tip to tip.

Use wood glue and trim head screws to assemble your frame. Now you are ready to make the box part of the shadow box.

Cut 2 pieces of 1-1/2″ wide wood that are equal to the outer length of the art glass piece plus 1/4″ and two pieces that are equal to the outer width of the art glass piece plus 1/4″ and 2 times the thickness of the wood.

Using wood glue and brad nails assemble box sides and attach to frame. This leaves the back of the faux window open so that you can insert your glass. Place stained glass into shadow box and attach with glass brackets and/or silicone. Then add strip lights or rope lights around the interior of the box just behind the stained glass insert.

To make the back of the shadow box, cut a piece of plywood or masonite to fit over the assembled box sides and frame. Be sure to make a hole for the electrical cord. Using wood glue and brad nails, attach back to box sides.

An alternative to making a stained glass lighted shadow box would be to hang art glass in front of wall flooded from above by flood bulbs which are mounted behind a soffit. This method requires the glass artwork to be hung away from the wall about 4 – 5″. You can accomplish this by hanging art glass from the soffit which will allow the lighting to be behind the art glass just like sun shine coming through a window.

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Word Search Puzzle Generator

You are probably already familiar with word search puzzles. They are puzzles that consist of a grid of letters arranged in rows and columns. If you just glance at them, they appear as if the letters are completely randomly chosen. However, a closer look will reveal that there are words hidden within the grid. The goal of the puzzle is to find all the hidden words – they can start at any point in the grid, and can be orientated in any direction whatsoever, not just horizontally and vertically, but including diagonally, and backwards directions such as right-to-left.

Word search puzzles can be enjoyed by people of all ages. They can be themed around any subject whatsoever – simply by choosing the type of words to conceal in the grid. And, the level of difficulty can easily be varied, by giving or not giving the solver a list of words to look for, by varying the size of the grid, and in puzzles intended for younger children, by avoiding hard-to-spot word directions such as backwards or diagonal directions.  This flexibility makes them very well suited for magazine and newsletter publishers, and also means that they can easily be used as an educational tool (children can be introduced to new words, and also help learn the spelling of words they already know).

Creating your own word search puzzle of course involves fitting words together into a grid. If you try it using a pen and paper, you will soon discover this is no easy task and requires a lot of trial and error. However, this is the kind of thing that computers excel at. If you use a PC and some word search generator software, you can make a new original puzzle in just a few minutes.

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How to Make Your Reborn Smell Like a Newborn Baby

Once you are pleased with the end result of painting your reborn and have sealed it with a matt layer, microrooted the hair, set all required areas with glue and have stuffed your baby, you can think about adding a baby scent to complete the realism. There are a few options available for this, the most common scent is baby powder, this is a smell that resonates with anyone who has ever had a baby and is therefore really completes the experience of receiving a new reborn. You can opt to use just a standard talcum baby powder or even use a different scented powder, though this method won’t last long and you will find the scent soon leaves your baby. Another option would be to purchase a baby powder scented oil, these are readily available online and quite affordable. You could also use a different scent, it really just depends on the smell you want your baby to have. Taking a small cotton ball dab a few drops of the oil onto it, once absorbed place the cotton ball into the body, head and also limbs of your baby if you wish, remembering to keep it subtle, though strong enough to leave a lingering scent.

For those reborners that sell their babies, it is best advised to go with the baby powder scent, this appeals on a wider level and is the most suitable for a reborn. The best option of all is to use a wafer in the baby powder scent, these are also available to purchase online and provide a long lasting scent that isn’t obtrusive, toxic or oily and really does give the baby a very newborn scent that will last. These wafers are best inserted into the body after light stuffing and adding your weighting beads, so they sit in the centre of the body and will be protected by further stuffing. One added to the head also, they will provide a strong yet subtle enough scent to last for months and can be replace by clipping the cable ties that keep the baby together and removing the old wafers and inserting a new one then resealing with another cable tie. Baby Powder scented oils or wafers really do provide something special for reborns and are cost effective enough to be easily added providing a lovely comforting smell for the new adoptive parent.

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A Message to Garcia by Elbert Hubbard – Book Review

Title and Author: A Message to Garcia by Elbert Hubbard- Book Review

Synopsis of Content:

In February 1899 publisher, author and “New Thought” philosopher Elbert Hubbard wrote a very short little story about an event in the Spanish American War. That short story, which when first published in Hubbard’s magazine, Philistine, did not even have a title.

The short inspirational story is about Lt. Andrew Summers Rowan. He was called upon by President McKinley to deliver a special message to General Garcia. Garcia was a key player in the Cuban insurrection forces that the United States allied with during the war. As the war began it was critical for the President to get a message to Garcia to explore an alliance with him in the conflict. Garcia was hold up in the remote jungle in Cuba. No one had direct access to him. There was no way to get mail to him or send a telegraph. No one in the US government actually knew where he was located, or whether he moved regularly.

The President gave Rowan a message in a waterproof bag and directed him to deliver it to Garcia. Rowan asked no questions and made no objections. He left immediately on his mission. Four days later he landed by night on the Cuban coast. He disappeared into the jungle on foot with no assistance, no more information and no way to communicate with the outside world. Three weeks later he came out of the jungle on the other side of the island having delivered the message as ordered.

Hubbard uses this remarkable story to demonstrate the very high value of a man who takes on an assignment, asks no questions, asks for no help, makes no argument that he is not the person for the job, and just does it. He finds Garcia on his own, delivers the message and returns to report success. No objections and no excuses are made.

Such resourcefulness and determination is rare in people. In the essay he goes on to give other examples in everyday business where people given a simpler task make excuses or riddle their boss with questions or expect someone else to do the job for them. He contrasts here the tremendous accomplishment of Rowan with the weak way so many people react when sent on a mission, be it small or large. He discusses how valuable a man like Rowan is – a man (and today it would of course include a woman) who when given a task gets down to it right away and completes it. Such a person is unique and invaluable. Such a person rarely finds himself unemployed. People like this are in high demand everywhere and at every time.

Within a short time publishers were bombarding Hubbard for copies of the story. The NY Central Railroad ordered a hundred thousand copies. Eventually they published over three and a half million copies. The director of the Russian railway liked the story so much he had it translated into Russian and given to every employee of the railroad.

The story traveled from Russia to Germany, then to France, Spain, Turkey, Hindustan and China – in all these places it was published and sold by the thousands.

During the Russo-Japanese war the Russian government provided a copy to every Russian soldier. When the Japanese found it they translated into Japanese and gave it to every Japanese soldier. Ultimately over 40 million copies of this little story were printed and distributed.

During the first quarter of the 20th century this little story became one of the most inspirational stories published in the world. It was written in one hour and takes less than a half hour to read. Yet it provides a profound instruction on how to become an invaluable employee and an inspiration to anyone who seeks to achieve great things.


Just as it did in 1899 A Message to Garcia is both a tremendous instructional manual on how one can become an invaluable servant of others and an inspirational piece. Everyone can benefit from spending a few minutes to read it.

Readability/Writing Quality:

The story is short and well written.

Notes on Author:

Elbert Hubbard was born in Illinois and with only a grade school education he became a successful self-made man. He was a voracious reader who continually improved his own skills and knowledge. He created the Roycroft Shop, a publishing house. He wrote 182 biographies of successful people. He published two magazines, The Philistine and The Fra. Hubbard and his wife died on the way to England in 1915 while sailing on the Lusitania which was sunk by a German torpedo.

Three Great Ideas You Can Use:

1. When given a task to perform do not object, delay or seek help. Rather, demonstrate how reliable you are by performing the task competently and speedily so that you will be seen as a reliable person.

2. Do not make excuses. Get the job done and done right. It will pay you back a hundred fold.

3. No one is highly rewarded for mediocre or “satisfactory” work. We are rewarded for doing more than we are asked to do, doing it more competently than one might expect and doing it fully. If you want to succeed in business and in life you must stand out as someone who will do more than the average person.

Publication Information:

A Message to Garcia is in the public domain. The pamphlet version I read is published by Executive Books in 2002.

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Dynamometer History – A Timeline of Innovation

Dynamometers have been a part of performance measurement since the days when the presence of horsepower was usually accompanied by four hooves and a tail. This versatile tool is applied around the world, as companies like Taylor Dynamometer build on past innovations with new breakthroughs in data gathering and system control technology.

  • 1828 Gaspard de Prony invented the de Prony Brake, one of the earliest dynamometers
  • 1838 Charles Babbage, known to historians as the Father of the Computer, introduces a dynamometer car to measure the pulling power of English railroad locomotives
  • 1877 William Froude of Great Britain invents the first hydraulic dynamometer, with the first commercial models produced in 1881
  • 1921 Professor E.V. Collins of Iowa State College develops a draft horse dynamometer, used to measure a horse’s capability to pull the era’s heavy metal farm implements
  • 1930 Using designs pioneered through a collaboration with Rudolph Diesel, John Taylor forms the Taylor Dynamometer and Machine Company to produce engine dynamometers
  • 1931 Martin and Anthony Winther introduce the first eddy current dynamometer

Throughout the past seven decades of continued dynamometer development, Taylor has maintained its status as a leader in advancing power measurement technology. Contact us to learn about the latest developments in dynamometers and engine diagnostics, or to inquire about a specific dyno product or application.

How Dynamometers Work

All dynamometers perform the same essential function, measuring the torque, rotational speed and power output of a combustion engine, electric motor or other power source. While the outcome is the same, many technologies are used to achieve the desired result.

Two Main Types

Most dynamometers can be placed within two distinct categories. Engine dynamometers are designed for coupling directly to the driveshaft of an engine under test, and chassis dynamometers measure the power output of a drive train by using rollers turned by the tires of a vehicle under test. In addition to the two traditional types, Taylor offers a line of portable dynamometers that attach directly to the flywheel of an engine. This allows accurate measurement of engine output without removal of an engine from its drive train.

A Variety of Designs

The work of handling and measuring input power is performed by instruments with a variety of different designs:

o Eddy current dynamometers present a measurable resistant force to engines under test by harnessing the magnetic flux between fixed and rotating electromagnets spun by the engine under test.

o A variant of the eddy current design, powder dynamometers create flux through the application of a fine magnetic powder between the rotor and coil

o Electric motor/generator types are a variation on the adjustable speed drive, using solid state components rather than the physical relationship between electromagnets to create measurable power transfer

o Fan, hydraulic and water brakes use air, water or hydraulic fluid to deliver physical resistance to the power applied by an engine or motor under test. The amount of resulting force absorbed by the fluid is measured to provide an indication of the power applied to the system

The best resource for details on dynamometer function and application is a Taylor Dynamometer application specialist. Contact us for full details on putting the latest in dynamometer technology to work in your application.

Eddy Current Dynamometer History

The story of the eddy current dynamometer is a tale of two Danish boys from Wisconsin, growing up in a time when innovations required an inquiring mind and a machine shop rather than a supercomputer and a doctoral degree. Martin Phillip Winther arrived at Ellis Island, New York in 1892 from his native Denmark. The family ultimately settled in Kenosha Wisconsin, where Martin and his American-born brother Anthony began their working lives as laborers at the Jeffry Company, makers of the Rambler automobile. At Jeffry, the brothers were involved in the engineering of a four-wheel-drive truck, which led them to break away and found the Winther Motor and Truck Company in 1917. While Winther Motor and Truck made several types of motor vehicles (including light trucks, fire engines and a sporty automobile) the firm’s chief product was innovation. Beginning around 1920, Martin and Anthony Winther were granted patents for almost 300 mechanical devices. These included the first successful air conditioning system for Pullman railroad cars, a four-wheel-drive post hole digger for AT&T, the first induction coupling, a magnetic clutch, a cycle-car, variable-speed transmission gears, as well as a giant press drive, brakes and couplings for the oil field industry.

Although prolific, only one of the Winther brothers’ inventions proved to have lasting impact. They are chiefly known for the invention of the eddy current dynamometer, a type of high speed, high power dynamometer capable of far surpassing the products then available in terms of power handling capability. The eddy current dyno was able to turn fast enough to test the turbine engines used in aircraft, wind tunnels and high speed automobiles of the day. The eddy current dynamometer was the chief product of the Dynamatic Corporation, founded by the Winthers in 1932. The firm was successful for many years both before and after the brothers sold their interest to Eaton Corporation in 1946. Variations on the eddy current design still serve as the basis for dynamometers today. The designs continued use is a testament to the ingenuity of two men who never rose above the eighth grade in formal education, yet parlayed their considerable on-the-job insight into a lasting legacy of technical achievement.

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Model Railroad Layouts

The setting up of model railroad tracks can vary depending on what you want to accomplish. Railroad track plans can be fairly simple or quite complex. Mostly tracks start out as ovals and later form very intricate patterns as the railroad modeler becomes more proficient and skillful in this field. Adequate and proper planning of a railroad track can be very rewarding and does not require too much spending; it is mostly only time and effort that is needed.

The main decision you have to make is whether you want a landscape or a cityscape as your layout. Your track plan depends on the environment you would like your trains to travel through. You can try visiting model train clubs or websites to have an idea how your track should look. Take note of the accessories including buildings, trees, roads, hills etc, so you will know what products you have to buy.

In order to create a railroad track and choose a train of the right size, you need to determine the amount of space you have available. In case you already have a train that is too big for the layout you are planning, you might want to include only part of the scene that you have in mind, and make your train go through a tunnel that loops back through the background to start again at the beginning.

Before fixing your track in place, you may want to try it first to see how it works, and decide if any further changes are necessary. Once you are satisfied with your railroad track plans, you can start laying the Styrofoam base for your track layout. This can be done on a tabletop, or a rectangular base such as a door resting between two work benches. This allows you to shift your layout to another place if necessary, and also take your product for display at meetings or social gatherings.

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All Aboard! – Model Railroad Adventure

Model railroading appeals to people in all walks of life. Model railroading can be a very social hobby. Model railroading is not just for geeks. Model railroading is an activity of constant improvement and learning. Building a model railroad is a great family-oriented hobby. You build the model railroad that you want. After all, we are building a model railroad.


Collectible toy electric trains to detailed model trains, you get to choose, or, are you interested in model trains and just starting out. From basement model railroads and Lionel collecting, to trains that run through your garden. Families enjoy “hands-on” interactive modeling, designing and building the miniature worlds our little trains roll through. If you are interested in model railroading, developing and improving skills employed in building and maintaining bench work, track, wiring, and scenery, not to mention operating trains in a realistic setting, building your own model railroad may be the ticket.


You can create layouts using just the tracks you have in that box in your cellar without purchasing any additional piece of track. Remember, model railroad operations require clear and easy access to the track along with good operator visibility of the trains. This means that tracks need to be within reaching distance from an aisle, usually 30″ or less. Experience shows that the aisle needs to be slightly wider at the end of “blobs”, where the tracks make a 180 degree turn from one aisle to the next. The track work and rolling stock need to work together. Cars with problems (constantly derail, coupler problems, weight problems) need to be banished to the RIP track until they can be repaired. Your goals here are a track power system that works reliably and is very simple for operators to understand.

Building The Layout

Everything from figuring out the right steps for building a kit, to designing a layout to developing an operating plan for your railroad all require logical thought and planning. Mom can be building this part, dad working on that, while the kids are working on something else. Model railroading can be great family fun, but we can also learn a bit of engineering by studying the prototypes for the models we are building.

Serious About The Model Railroading Hobby?

The National Model Railroad Association is the largest organization devoted to the development, promotion, and enjoyment of the hobby of model railroading. The NMRA was founded in 1935 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in order to provide a service to the hobby of model railroading. Being a member of the NMRA entitles you to a multitude of services, all geared toward expanding your enjoyment of the hobby. The NMRA’s Achievement Program, or “AP”, is designed to help modelers improve their skills and get more out of their hobby. The “AP” gives recognition to members who have displayed a high degree of skill or service to the hobby.

Building a model railroad leads to learning about the real things. If you’ve made it this far, you’re probably already interested in building a model railroad for some reason. If you find a group of model railroaders, you’ll find doctors and lawyers, engineers, shop keepers, business people, military folks, mechanics, carpenters, artists, athletes, and politicians. Our goal is to help those who are interested in building a model railroad but who have never done it before or to assist those who may have a simple track plan and now want to learn more. “All aboard!” for model railroading fun and adventure.

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Learn To Setup Your Model Train Railroad The Right Way

Railroad Modeling is a good leisure pursuit in the earlier times that continuously gained popularity even at the present. Basically, most people who do Railroad modeling are those who are fond of collecting from classic to modern trains. This is a very interesting hobby that makes use of reduced size rail transport system designed and organized in a particular area that presents the railway modeler’s or model railroader’s artistic skills.

Railroad modeling is also a good form of art that enhances your skills in designing and landscaping. A lot are attracted to have their model train railroads but just don’t know how to start a good set-up. Definitely, there are a lot of things to consider such as scaling, measurements, landscaping, weathering, power methods, engineering and so on.

Here are few tips on how to build an excellent model train railroad set-up:

·The main subject would be trains, therefore, train is one of the basic thing needed for this masterpiece. However, the most important thing would be the place or the area to where you are going to set up your model train railroads. The layout should be in an open place. Perhaps, Backyard railroad are excellent.

·When you have selected already a good layout, you must have your rail transport system which includes tracks, rolling stock, locomotives, roads, building infrastructures, cars, lights, mountains, hills, streams and other model figures.

·It is important to consider scales and gauges. Your train must complement to the scale of your rail track. The same as through with the other model figures except for some which have indeterminate sizes.

·With all gathered materials, you can start landscaping your layout. You can start constructing your desired scenery. For some instances, railway modelers use natural materials such as natural lichen, grass and shrubbery to make their design more attractive and realistic.

·When you are done landscaping, you can start putting on cars, trucks, buildings and other infrastructures. Some railway modelers also apply rusted metallic car models that portray old scenery or an accident that adds realism to the design.

·Engineering is also very important. This includes electricity and engine management. You must have a power source to support the movements of electric trains and lightning infrastructures.

·Moreover, you must also control the movements within your model train railroad. Other models use computerized system which is common to modern railways.

These are just few of the effective tips that will help you gain ideas on how to have an excellent model train railroad model.

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